Islamic Knowledge Questions and Answers

How to pray while traveling by plane?

Question:

Please tell me about making qada salah on salah missed in the plane while travelling. When we reach home do we have to repeat salaah which we totally missed in the plane? Or do we pray the traveller salah of it?

If we pray the salah on the place, is it compulsory to repeat it again? (While still being a traveler but upon reaching destination).

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Salah is one of the fundamental pillars of our Deen. As such, Salah should also be a fundamental priority in our lives. We should ensure that we perform all our farz Salah timeously even while travelling. It is inconceivable that a conscious Muslim will make his/her Salah qaza especially when travelling for spiritual journeys like Umrah and Hajj.

When travelling by plane, perform the Salah in the plane. According to our experience of travelling by plane, one can easily make arrangements with the flight attendants to stand and perform Salah in the plane. Obviously in doing so we must be considerate to the feeding times on the plane and flight rules, for example remaining on seat during air bumps etc. It is not correct to sit and read farz Salah in the plane. One may perform nafl Salah while sitting[1].

Nevertheless, if one did not perform his farz Salah while travelling, he will have to make qaza of the missed Salah as it was missed. If he missed Salah while travelling, then make qaza of two rakat Salah for zuhar, asr and isha salats[2]. With that, make tawba and Istighfaar for one’s negligence.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Immad Bin Arshad

Student Darul Iftaa
California, USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

http://www.daruliftaa.net

Can nikah be performed over skype?

Question:

Can nikah be performed over skype?

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, nikāh conducted over the telephone/internet or Skype is not permissible since it does not fulfil the criteria of enacting the nikāh, which is that the Ījāb (proposal) and Qabūl (acceptance) must take place in the actual and physical presence of at least two witnesses in the same sitting. In the case of performing nikāh over the telephone or Skype, both potential spouses are in two different places and the witnesses are not with both parties in one sitting.

However, as an alternative, it will be permissible for one of the two persons intending to get married to appoint someone as a wakīl (agent) on the other end to contract the marriage and to pronounce the proposal and acceptance on his/her behalf, in the physical presence of at least two Muslim, sane, mature male witnesses or one male and two female witnesses.[1]

For example, if the man is in the UAE and the woman in Pakistan, then the man may appoint somebody in Pakistan as his wakīl (agent) and authorise him to contract the Nikah on his behalf with the woman. Or, the woman may appoint a wakīl (agent) in the UAE to contract the Nikah on her behalf.

If the party which has appointed an agent on their behalf wishes to observe the nikāh taking place, then they may hear the nikāh over the phone. However, they may not take any active part in the nikāh.

The direct performance of nikāh via Skype without appointing a wakīl (agent) will not be valid.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Nabeel Valli

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

http://www.daruliftaa.net

Problems and Solutions

 

 

Question:

What is the doa of Ayub (Alayhi Salam) and what was his story of hardship that mentioned in Quran? Can we read the same doa?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

1. Ayub (Alayhi Salam) was the prophet of Allah during the era between Musa and Yaqub (Alayhimus Salam) which was between 1300-1500 B.C.  [1] Some scholars are of the opinion that he was originally Roman from the bloodline of Ibrahim (Alayhi Salam) whilst others say he was an Arab. It is also mentioned that his mother was the daughter of Lut (Alayhi Salam). Allah Taala blessed him with abundant wealth land, livestock, slaves and many children etc.

Allah tested Ayub (Alayhi Salam) by taking away everything he had to such an extent that even his health was taken away from him. Historians and commentators write that not a single limb of Ayub (Alayhi Salam) was safe from disease except his tongue and his heart through which he would remember Allah Taala.

Difficulties worsened to such an extent that people cut their ties with him due to his illness and had him expelled from the city to a place outside the city. The only person that was there to support him was his wife, Rahmah bint Ifrahim.

Despite all the difficulties, Ayub (Alayhi Salam) was patient, persevering, and grateful. [3]He was also constantly engrossed in the remembrance of Allah Taala day and night. It was after years of forbearance and difficulty that Ayub (Alayhi Salams) wife told him “oh Ayub why don’t you ask Allah to help you”. He replied “I lived for seventy years in prosperity why shouldn’t I be patient for the sake of Allah for seventy years.”  It was after this that Ayub (Alayhi Salam) made the following dua which is in the Quraan: [4]

وَأَيُّوبَ إِذْ نَادَى رَبَّهُ أَنِّي مَسَّنِيَ الضُّرُّ وَأَنْتَ أَرْحَمُ الرَّاحِمِينَ

And when Ayub (Alayhi Salam) prayed to his Rabb saying, “Difficulty has certainly afflicted me and You are the Most Merciful of those who show mercy”. (Surah Ambiya-83)

Allah Taala mentions in the Quraan how Ayub (Alayhi Salam) was healed:

ارْكُضْ بِرِجْلِكَ هَذَا مُغْتَسَلٌ بَارِدٌ وَشَرَابٌ

(Allah Taala said) Strike your foot on the ground (Allah Taala caused a spring to gush out) This is cool water for bathing and drinking (after which you will be cured) (Surah Saad-42)

Allah Taala then mentions:

وَوَهَبْنَا لَهُ أَهْلَهُ وَمِثْلَهُمْ مَعَهُمْ رَحْمَةً مِنَّا وَذِكْرَى لِأُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ

(After curing him)We gifted him with his family and as many of them in addition (twice as many) As a mercy from Us and a reminder for the people of intelligence (to remind them that Allah rewards the patient ones and restores their losses.(Surah Saad-43)

Lessons from the story of Ayub (Alayhi Salam):

a. Allah tests those that are close to him to elevate their ranks.

b. It is easy to thank Allah Taala in the state of prosperity, but praising and remembering Allah during difficulties and accepting his decree is most beloved to Allah and draws his mercy.

c. No matter the situation, one should never be despondent of the mercy of Allah.

d. Being thankful and humble during prosperity and being steadfast and patient during difficulty are two great bounties a person can have and inculcate.[5]

2. It is advisable to recite the dua of Ayub (Alayhi Salam) when faced with difficulties.

 

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Ismail Dawoodjee

Student Darul Iftaa
Zambia

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